Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polymer (BFRP) composites have been used in civil engineering for decades.
A recent increase in the use of environmentally friendly, natural fibers as reinforcement for the fabrication of lightweight, low cost polymer composites can be seen globally.
One such material of interest currently being extensively used is basalt fiber, which is cost-effective and offers exceptional properties over glass fibers and less inexpensive than carbon fiber.
The prominent advantages of these composites include high specific mechano-physico-chemical properties, biodegradability. This article presents a review on BFRP used as a reinforcement material for concrete, and discusses the improvement in mechanical, thermal and chemical resistant properties achieved for the use of basalt fiber reinforced polymer for applications in specific industries in recent 5 years.
The paper also focuses on the basics of the modification of basalt fiber and its polymer matrix. Apart from this, an attempt to showcase the increasing trend in the usage of BFRP in concrete is also covered.
- Common polymer matrix
2.1. Thermoset polymer matrix
2.1.1. Vinyl ester resins
2.1.2. Epoxy resins
2.2. Thermoplastic polymer matrix
2.3. Biodegradable polymer and other research of BFRP in concrete
Miaomiao Zhu, Jianxun Ma.
School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, China